About STIs

Below is a list of the STIs we test for, and some information about them.

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is the most common STI. In many cases, it shows no symptoms, but if left untreated can cause infertility and complications in pregnancy. It can be treated easily with a course of antibiotics. It can be detected in STI tests at around 2 weeks after sex.

Gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea is a bacterial sexually transmitted infection. It can present in symptoms such as although many people don’t have any obvious symptoms until the infection moves into other parts of the body. Left untreated, it can cause serious health complications. It can be detected in STI tests at around 2 weeks after sex.

HIV

HIV is short for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It is often sexually transmitted but can also be passed on through sharing infected needles and from mother to baby during pregnancy and breastfeeding. HIV can initially have very mild symptoms but left untreated it can have very serious health consequences. It is now very easy to manage through antiviral treatments. People using antiviral treatment effectively can achieve an undetectable viral load which means they are unable to transmit the virus to another person.

Syphilis (treponema pallidum)

Syphilis is a less common STI, however the number of syphilis cases in the UK has risen sharply in recent years. Initial symptoms can be mild but left untreated it can have very serious health consequences. It is treated with antibiotics.